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Treatment of retinal diseases

Center Laser Vision specializes in retinal diseases.

The most important part of complex examination is fundoscopy, or checking the condition of the retina.

What is retina and what does it mean for the eye?

Retina (Lat. retina)  is the internal layer of the eye responsible for perception of visual information. By its structure, retina is a complex nervous tissue responding to the light, turning it to the neural impulse and sending it to the brain via the optical nerve. On the basis of the information received from the retina, visual image is formed in the visual centers of the brain, or, in other words, the person is able to see and perceive the shape, color, and relative position of the objects.

Retinal diseases can be of different nature: inflammatory, hereditary, age-related, dystrophic, and retinal detachment. Each of the above affects the vision to a large extent, retinal detachment being the most severe.

Retina can be affected by shortsightedness, far-sightedness, inflammatory or dystrophic eye diseases. Here we should also add stresses, colds, viral diseases, long-term visual and physical straining, environmental problems etc. In middle-aged and elderly people, fundoscopic changes can be related to gradual development of arteriosclerosis causing irregularities in blood circulation in the eyes.

This diseases result in deterioration of the vision, seeing specks, dark spots, sparks, object twisting, light loops etc.

Diagnostics of retinal diseases include complex examination by retinologist and fundoscopy. With the help of high-precision equipment and noncontact fundus lenses applied when the pupils are dilated, the doctor will examine your retina for pathological changes and their severity.

Methods of treatment of retinal diseases are cause-specific:

1. Conservative treatment aimed at improving blood circulation in the vessels and retinal metabolism, dissolution of hemorrhages; prescribed are anti-inflammatory and vasodilating medications, as well as vitamins.

2. Laser treatment is applied in case of dystrophy, thinning, and ruptures of the retina. This method helps to prevent retinal detachment. It is effective in more than 90% of cases. Laser coagulation is performed without general anesthesia in the outpatient facility and lasts for about 15-30 minutes. This method is non-invasive and safe. You can return to work on the next day after the treatment.

However, it is better to prevent the disease than treat it, even with application of the state-of-the-art methods, and that is why we recommend high-risk patients complex eye check-up on the modern equipment at least once a year.

 


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